Great Personality Haji Shariatullah Life Aspects: 1

Haji Shariatullah

Haji Shariatullah: Architect of the Faraizi Movement

Haji Shariatullah, a prominent religious leader and Islamic scholar from Bengal in the eastern subcontinent, stands as a pivotal figure in the region’s history, notably for his role as the founder of the Faraizi movement. Born in the late 18th century, Haji Shariatullah’s life and teachings left an indelible mark on the socio-religious landscape of Bengal.

Early Life and Education of Haji Shariatullah:

Haji Shariatullah was born in the district of Faridpur in Bengal, India, around the year 1781. Raised in an environment deeply rooted in Islamic traditions, he received his early education in local madrasas, acquiring a profound understanding of Islamic theology and jurisprudence.

Inspiration for Reform:

During the late 18th century, Bengal witnessed socio-economic disparities and perceived deviations from what Haji Shariatullah considered authentic Islamic practices. Troubled by what he perceived as moral laxity and departure from fundamental Islamic principles, he embarked on a mission to reform and revive Islamic practices among the masses.

The Faraizi Movement:

Haji Shariatullah’s vision found expression in the Faraizi movement, which aimed to address perceived religious and social injustices. The movement, which began in the early 19th century, gained momentum as a grassroots initiative to uphold the tenets of Islam, emphasizing simplicity, moral purity, and the performance of religious duties.

The term “Faraizi” is derived from the Arabic word “Farz,” meaning religious duties or obligations. The Faraizis, under Haji Shariatullah’s leadership, advocated strict adherence to these religious duties, challenging what they viewed as un-Islamic practices that had crept into the society of the time.

Key Tenets of the Faraizi Movement:

  1. Tawhid (Oneness of God): The Faraizis emphasized the fundamental Islamic principle of the oneness of God, rejecting any form of polytheism or deviation from pure monotheism.
  2. Performance of Religious Duties: Haji Shariatullah stressed the importance of fulfilling religious obligations, including daily prayers, fasting, and charity, as outlined in Islamic teachings.
  3. Social Justice: The movement aimed to address socio-economic disparities and sought to establish a just and equitable society based on Islamic principles.
  4. Resistance Against British Influence: The Faraizi movement also had an anti-colonial dimension, resisting what was perceived as British interference in religious matters and local traditions.

Formation of Shariatpur District:

In recognition of Haji Shariatullah’s significant contributions, in 1884, the Shariatpur District was formed in Bangladesh, and it was named after this visionary leader. This act symbolized the acknowledgment of his role in shaping the religious and social fabric of the region.

Legacy and Impact:

Haji Shariatullah’s legacy endures as a symbol of religious revivalism and social reform in Bengal. His emphasis on the core tenets of Islam, social justice, and resistance against perceived injustices left a lasting impact on the collective consciousness of the people in the region.


Haji Shariatullah, a devout scholar and reformer, played a transformative role in shaping the religious and social landscape of Bengal through the Faraizi movement. His vision, emphasizing the core principles of Islam and social justice, resonated with the masses and continues to influence the region’s cultural and historical identity. The naming of Shariatpur District stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of this remarkable religious leader.



Who was Haji Shariatullah, and what’s his significance in Bengal’s history?

Haji Shariatullah was a prominent religious leader and Islamic scholar in Bengal during the late 18th century. He’s famed as the author of the Faraizi movement, which aimed to reform and revive Islamic practices in the region.

When and where was Haji Shariatullah born?

He was born around the time 1781 in the quarter of Faridpur in Bengal, India.

What inspired Haji Shariatullah to initiate religious reform?

During the late 18th century, Haji Shariatullah observed socio-profitable differences and perceived diversions from authentic Islamic practices in Bengal. Troubled by these issues, he felt inspired to reform and revive Islamic traditions among the people.

What’s the Faraizi Movement, and when did it begin?

The Faraizi movement was initiated by Haji Shariatullah in the early 19th century. It was a grassroots action addressing perceived religious and social shaftsemphasizing simplicitymoral chastity, and strict adherence to Islamic duties.

What are the crucial tenets of the Faraizi Movement?

The Faraizi Movement emphasized
Tawhid( Oneness of God)
Performance of Religious Duties
Social Justice
Resistance Against British Influence

What does the term” Faraizi” mean?

The termFaraizi” is deduced from the Arabic word” Farz,” which means religious duties or scores. The Faraizis supported the strict adherence to these religious duties.

Why is the Shariatpur District named after Haji Shariatullah?

In recognition of Haji Shariatullah’s significant benefactions, the Shariatpur District was formed in Bangladesh in 1884 and named after him. This gesture symbolizes acknowledgment of his part in shaping the religious and social fabric of the region.

Did the Faraizi Movement have an anti-colonial dimension?

Yes, the Faraizi Movement had an anti-colonial dimension. It defied perceived British hindrance in religious matters and original traditions, aligning with the broader sentiment against social influence.

What’s the heritage of Haji Shariatullah in Bengal’s history?

His heritage endures as a symbol of religious revivalism and social reform in Bengal. His emphasis on core Islamic principles, social justice, and resistance against perceived shafts continues to impact the artistic and literal identity of the region.

How has Haji Shariatullah’s vision impacted contemporary Bengal?

His vision has had a continuing impactreverberating with the millions and impacting Bengal’s artistic and literal identity. His principles of Islamic revivalism, social justice, and resistance remain applicable in the region‘s collaborative knowledge.

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